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North-Eastern Tower of Castrum “Horreum Margi”

Granary of Morava
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In the valley of the two rivers, now known as Ravanica and Velika Morava, the Romans built a city named "Horreum Margi" - the granary of Morava - next to a bridge. From 1st to 4th century AD, the city played a crucial role as an economic, commercial, traffic, and military center. The castrum "Horreum Margi" was located on the "Via Militaris" road and served as the capital for "Mezia Superior" for a brief period. The city was home to the 7th Legion of Claudius and was responsible for supplying grains to the entire region. "Horreum Margi" was the only city with the status of a monicipium between Viminacium (Kostolac) and Naisus (Niš). The city was fortified with ramparts, constructed using the opus mixtom technique, which used stone and brick. The city's structure, position, and importance suggest that it was rich in luxurious buildings, temples, thermal baths, fountains, villas, and other representative buildings. However, the archaeological research conducted produced only a few findings since the site was almost never explored.

In 1989, archaeological research uncovered the remains of the northeastern tower of the Castrum "Horreum Margi," built between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD. The tower has a semicircular-horseshoe shape and is thrown out of the plane of the rampart, indicating its offensive character. It has been extended several times. The slightly wider base of the tower was built in the 2nd century AD, while the majority of the preserved remains date from the 4th century AD and were constructed using the opus mixto technique. The thickness of the wall of the tower is 2 m, while the thickness of the eastern rampart, located nearby is 3.7 m. The diameter of the tower is 8 m, and it is assumed that the tower was 10-12 m tall. The extent of the northern rampart has not been determined, but it is assumed to follow the course of the Ravanica river to its confluence with Velika Morava, where the rampart most likely connected with the Roman bridge, the remains of which are still visible today. The site "Horreum Margi" has been explored to a small degree since most of the site is located on the Barracks' territory and is not accessible to the general public. The remains of the northeast tower, located in the Museum's courtyard, and the stone plastic remains found during archaeological research of the site are cared for by the "Horreum Margi - Ravno" Museum and are available to the public. The city was destroyed and abandoned in the 5th century and was never rebuilt.

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North-Eastern Tower of Castrum “Horreum Margi”

27, Карађорђева 35230, Ћуприја 35230, Србија

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